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Mise à jour du samedi 27 février 2010

Dernières explorations : - 300 m à la Perte des Lobos !

Avec le démontage des trois camps d’altitude, s’achève (déjà !) le travail de terrain.
Trois équipes ont mis à profit la météo encore clémente de cette dernière semaine sur l’île Madre de Dios pour terminer les explorations en cours et réaliser de nouvelles découvertes. Repérée en janvier, la perte des Lobos, très dangereuse en cas de crue a pu être explorée jusqu’à 303 mètres de profondeur. La troisième visioconférence en direct avec l’Espagne a été à nouveau un grand succès et les jeunes spéléos chiliens récemment formés ont pu goûter à l’exploration souterraine…

Lundi 22 février

Au Camp des « Quinquas », une nouvelle équipe est prête. La veille, la montée fut impressionnante pour nos géologues habitués à faire des prélèvements sur des terrains nettement moins abrupts.

L’objectif de la journée est de poursuivre l’exploration du trou du « kit », débutée en janvier. José découvre un superbe puits de 100 m. A 30 m du fond, une lucarne donne accès à un puits de 50 m qui, malheureusement, est bouché à la cote – 120 m.

Pendant ce temps, au Camp 1, Jean-François P, Richard et Olivier partent effectuer un raid sur les neiges « éternelles » du Mont Roberto Sud, au-dessus de l’Anse de la Baleine. A plus de 700 m d’altitude, l’équipe menée par le professeur effectue des observations géomorphologiques de premier ordre. Trois cavités de faible développement sont explorées et l’entrée d’un gouffre imposant est repérée : profondeur estimée 50 m.



Au camp des Lobos, les équipes se croisent. Jean François H, Sylvain et Pedro rentrent vers Guarello tandis que Paula, Marcello, Vanessa, Jean-Phi et Bernard prennent le relais.

Olivier et Florian, restés au camp, continuent l’exploration de la perte. Ils s’arrêtent sur un puits de 30 m, par manque de matériel.

Retrouvailles au camp du « Nomade » pour une équipe essentiellement constitué de Pyrénéens… Le camp est aussitôt renommé par Marcello « Campamiento de los Gitanos » (c’est pas très bien rangé ici !).


Mardi 23 février

Aux Quinquas, il est décidé d’initier Fernando, Fernanda et Mauricio aux techniques de la spéléologie alpine sur une falaise repérée le matin. Pendant que nos trois amis prennent le petit déjeuner, José part équiper le site.

Serge et Isabelle préparent le matériel nécessaire pour la journée : la prospection reste d’actualité ainsi que la prise de vues. C’est dans la gaieté et la bonne humeur que les Chiliens acquièrent peu à peu les différentes techniques de progression sur corde. Puis, après un court repas, la journée se termine par une balade sur le lapiaz.

Au camp 1, la matinée est consacrée à des relevés dans la Cueva de las Lapas, qui présente des restes d’occupation : quelques charbons, des patelles, sur une terrasse qui servait peut-être de couchage. Les coquilles de patelles semblent soigneusement rangées d’un seul côté, pour une raison mystérieusement inconnue... L’après-midi, Richard et Olivier partent à la recherche de nouveaux abris au-dessus du col du lac, mais rentrent finalement bredouilles. Par contre, le carnet de Richard est rempli de nouvelles observations, et son sac d’échantillons de roches…. Encore une affaire qui va peser !

 

Aux Lobos (ou camp du Nomade), plusieurs objectifs aujourd’hui.

Pour commencer la journée, une visioconférence est faite depuis les lames de lapiaz situées à proximité du porche qui nous abrite. Faut surtout pas qu’il pleuve, c’est clair !

Après quelques difficultés, le contact est finalement établi avec l’école d’Irun, située en Espagne. 40 minutes de communication, avec de multiples questions... Côté terrain, c’est toujours autant de travail et de pression, on est loin d’être sur un plateau télé !

Pendant ce temps, Olivier et Florian enchaînent par l’exploration de la Perte des Lobos.

Vanessa, Jean-Philippe et Bernard les rejoignent après la visioconférence afin de faire quelques images photos et vidéo d’une cavité décidément prometteuse.

Après une exploration de 5 heures, la cote -303m est atteinte : la perte des Lobos devient la 3e cavité la plus profonde du Chili.


Mercredi 24 février

Aujourd’hui, l’équipe des Quinquas prospecte sous les rayons d’un soleil encore timide. Pendant que José et Sergio poursuivent la formation des Chiliens, Isabelle part équiper un gouffre jugé prometteur. Seule, mais tellement bien dans ce monde minéral, son exploration est prématurément interrompue par manque de matériel. Relayée par José, le gouffre de la Marmotte se termine finalement à -57m.

Richard, Jean-François et Olivier, pendant ce temps-là, démontent définitivement le camp 1 et rentrent à Guarello, lourdement chargés mais en profitant encore une fois pleinement des paysages exceptionnels de Madre de Dios. C’est sûr, Richard veut revenir en 2011, tellement cette terre est riche pour un scientifique !

Ce matin, le camp du Nomade se réveille sous le soleil et la matinée lui est dédiée. Entendez par là séchage des duvets et autres affaires mouillées, trempées, rincées…

Cet après-midi, 2 équipes de prospection sont constituées. Florian et Buldo d’un côté, Olivier, Vanessa, Jean-Philippe, Paula et Marcello de l’autre. Malheureusement, encore une fois, aucune cavité prometteuse. Mais quel plaisir pour les yeux. A profusion !

 

Jeudi 25 février

Le camp des Quinquas se réveille peu à peu, il bruine… Tranquillement le camp est plié, les sacs se remplissent lourdement, les déchets sont brûlés, des prélèvements de tourbes sont effectués et photographiés. « Pollo, pollo » la radio émet le signal tant attendu de l’arrivée d’Antoine et Thomas venus en renfort pour le déséquipement du camp. Il est 13h30 et nous entamons la descente. Chargés comme des mules, nous franchissons de multiples escarpements et finissons le périple à 16h30.

Au Camp du Nomade, 3 équipes partent en prospection. Buldo, Cédric, Jean-Philippe, Marcello et Sylvain vont descendre une cavité repérée auparavant, et Olivier et Vanessa vont enfin observer de plus près un objectif majeur : les dolines situées dans l’alignement de la Perte des Lobos. Malheureusement, tout cela n’apportera aucun résultat exceptionnel… au désespoir de tous.

 

Vendredi 26 février

Le camp du Nomade redescend sur terre. Après plusieurs jours passés sur les glaciers de marbre de Madre de Dios, la descente n’en est que plus douloureuse. C’était la der des ders… En 3 heures, sous un climat patagon, le camp de base de Guarello est finalement rallié sans encombre majeure…

Au port de Guarello, la marée semble excessivement basse, du jamais vu, ni en 2000, 2006, 2008, c’est vraiment à n’y rien comprendre..

 

Samedi 27 février

Au petit matin, les nouvelles sont loin d’êtres réjouissantes sur la base : un violent séisme a secoué très tôt ce matin, vers 4h30, la côte chilienne et fait de très nombreux dégâts et de nombreuses victimes.

Sur l’île de Guarello, 2000 km au sud de l’épicentre, nous n’avons rien ressenti.

L’alerte tsunami lancée par les autorités Américaines et Japonaise est cependant prise très au sérieux et Bernard interdit pour ce jour toutes sorties de Bombard.

L’heure est donc au nettoyage et au chargement de nos 6 tonnes de matériel dans le container.

On peut également dresser un premier bilan, plutôt positif, de l’expédition :

  • Une bonne centaine de nouveaux gouffres ont été découverts, explorés et topographiés pour un total de plus de 7 000 m de développement.

Dont le gouffre des « Lobos » : moins 303 mètres, le porche géant de la « Cueva de la Madre » : Hauteur : 50m, Largeur : 125m, Longueur : 500m !, le gouffre du « Kit » et son puits de 100 mètres, le fond du gouffre de «  la Détente » a aussi été atteint à moins 323 mètres…

  • Plus d’une dizaine d’abris sous roche, dont 5 en altitude, avec des traces d’occupation humaine.
  • Sur le plan scientifique, la plupart des objectifs ont aussi été atteints :

- Relevés hydro-météo de la station installée en 2008

- Installation de la grotte-laboratoire avec pose de « Stalagmates » (débit des concrétions) et de « Luirographes » (pression et température de l’eau

- Inventaire géomorphologique notamment des « Comètes de roche », « Béliers », et « Champignons » erratiques

- Étude de l’étonnant phénomène d’ensablement du karst en altitude

- Prise d’échantillons des six crânes de baleine pour analyses ADN

- Carottages en divers points par les 5 géologues chiliens

- Inventaire de plus de 400 plantes par notre botaniste

  • Trois visioconférences ont pu être réalisées grâce aux téléphones satellite :

L’une à partir du Camp 2, le 4 février, puis une seconde au Camp 4, le 9 février, dans les conditions que l’on imagine. Elles se sont révélées être un succès massif si on en juge par le nombre (350) d’élèves réunis au CRDP d’Amiens et pratiquement autant à Toulouse. (Voir la visioconférence)

Une dernière s'est tenue le 23 février depuis le camp des « Lobos » avec le collège Dunboa d’Irun en Espagne.

 

TELEX DE FIN……

Aujourd’hui la marée est exceptionnellement haute… Du jamais vu depuis plus de trente années par les anciens de la base… De quoi réellement se poser des questions !

Concernant le tremblement de terre..les nouvelles de la fin de journée, sont véritablement désastreuses… Plus de 150 personnes ont perdu la vie suivant les premières estimations dans la région de Concepcion… Et un tsunami à bel et bien eu lieu… et une vague déferlante de plus de 15 m a emporté trois personnes sur quelques îles isolées.

Aucun doute, la nature et la mer restent souverains, et nous sommes bien petits sur cette planète en perpétuelle évolution…

 

 


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Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 36

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 26

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 27

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 36

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 26

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 27

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 36

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 26

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 27

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 36

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 26

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 27

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 36

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 26

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 27

Warning: strftime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/html/ultima2010/journal.php on line 36
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